Venezuela, formally called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 square kilometers (353,841 sq mi) with an expected population of about 29,100,000. Venezuela is deemed a state with very high biodiversity, with habitats starting from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rainforest in the south, through extensive llanos plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
Venezuela is completely located in the tropics over the Equator to around 12° N. Its climate differs from humid low-elevation plains, where average annual temperatures range as high as 35 °C (95.0 °F), to glaciers and highlands with an average yearly temperature of 8 °C (46.4 °F). Yearly rainfall differs between 430 mm (16.9 in) in the semiarid portions of the northwest to over 1,000 mm (39.4 in) in the Orinoco Delta of the Far East and the Amazonian Jungle in the south.